Green Harvest

 

Code

:

SGH001

Hindi Name

:

Jowar

English Name

:

Great millet 

Botanical_Name

:

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench 

Description 

:

Sorghum is popularly known as "Jowar" in India .Sorghum is an annual erect plant that bears a cereal seed that is used the world over as a food and feed and for a long list of other uses as well. It comes from the family of "Poaceae" and grows to a height around 6 feet, though for harvesting ease, many dwarf types of plant are also produced. Approximately 30 other species are cultivated for the sorghum genus. The crop in the India stands at the third place in context of importance after wheat and rice. The grain had been used for consumption of both humans and livestock and also different genes of the plant serve many other important uses. The crop was introduced in India in the first millennium and since then it has been actively cultivated in the subcontinent. The production of sorghum in India reaches up to 9 million metric tons mark each year but last few years have shown a marginal but gradual decline in the production and productivity of the crop.. India also maintains a place in the top ten consumers of sorghum in the world with a 2005-06 consumption figure of 7.7 million metric tons. Indian demand for the grain is on an increase due to the combined increase in the demand of various sectors using sorghum.. India is capable of satisfying the domestic consumption demand and hence it emerges out to be a net exporter of the crop exporting the balance stocks. 

Uses

:

Sorghum is also used for ethanol production, producing grain alcohol, starch production, production of adhesives and paper other than being used as food and feed The sorghum grain is an important cereal grain that is said to be the staple food of the poor in many countries.. This proves beneficial for the livestock and hence is the reason of the popularity of the crop as a feed. it is also known with different names depending upon the geographical are including Durra, Egyptian millet, Guinea corn, Jowar, Juwar, Milo, Shallu and Sudan grass.